What is Delivery Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping)?

Posted on 13/10/21

Delivered Duty Unpaid which stand for DDU Incoterm is an international commerce term (incoterm) that signifies the seller will deliver the items as soon as they are made accessible at an agreed-upon location in the country to which they are imported.

Explanation of Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping)

A shipping term that says the seller is alone responsible for making sure the cargo arrives at the drop-off destination is Delivery Duty Unpaid. The buyer then assumed financial responsibility for any customs fees, and taxes associated with arranging for the products to be delivered to them.

How Does Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) Work?

Under the DDU shipping term, the seller is required to deliver things to the agreed-upon destination in the country of importer. Unless different arrangements have been agreed upon in advance, the buyer would be responsible for the remaining costs and delivery of the package. This includes paying for any custom fees, taxes and duties.

When Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) term is used, it provided a number of advantages

In some ways, Delivery Duty Unpaid certainly have benefit for both parties. Until the cargo reaches the destination country, the seller is responsible for all risks and costs associated with shipping the products. However, at that time, the buyer is liable for all import clearance procedures and associated charges.

This is the reason why Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) have been the most efficient technique because, while sellers may not be familiar with all of the regulations of the destination country, purchasers are most likely familiar with them because this is where they do the most of their business. To be responsible for delivery beyond the entry point, as in Delivery Duty Paid (DDP), the seller must become familiar with the appropriate formalities in a foreign country and coordinate arrangements with foreign organizations. This might result in shipment delays and errors, which can cost both parties time and money.

Another advantage of Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) definitely is been its capacity to track shipments efficiently. It is significantly easier to track a shipment within one's own country than it is once it has left and is in the hands of another. This implies that the seller can follow his or her shipment all the way to the target country, after which the buyer takes possession of it and has complete control over when and where the items are delivered and unloaded.

Both parties can benefit from huge cost savings. The seller would obviously save money on export fees, whereas the buyer might be able to negotiate a higher discount for the items in exchange for agreeing to bear these costs and duties.

Buyer and Seller Obligations of DDU shipping



1. Providing the goods to the buyer

The supplier is responsible for delivering the items as well as an invoice or other documents proving the buyer's legal right to possess the goods.

1. Payment

Pays for the product that has been delivered.

2. Licenses and documentation

Any permissions and formalities required to ship the products to the agreed-upon destination where the customer would pick them up are the seller's responsibility.

2. Licences, authorisations and formalities

Once the shipment has arrived in their country, they arrange and pay for the relevant papers, including licenses and official authorization for import clearance.

3. Shipping and insurance

Shipping the items to the agreed-upon location is the responsibility of the seller. Although insurance is not necessary, the seller bears the responsibility of accidental loss, damage, or theft of the products up to the point of delivery.

3. Shipping and Insurance

Once the goods have arrived in their country, they are taken possession of at the main delivery location. Takes responsibility for delivery to their own factory or storage facility, both physically and financially. This includes paying any customs, tariff, or other expenses related with importing and transporting goods from the place of origin. Insurance is optional, but recommended because they will now bear the risk of property damage, theft, or loss.

In some circumstances, the vendor arranges for the item to be transported inland to its final destination. However, under DDU shipping conditions, the buyer is still responsible for the risk and costs involved in these scenarios.

4. Delivery

The products should be delivered alongside the ship at a predetermined location on the port of origin by the vendor.

4. Taking delivery

The customer must accept the items at the point of origin and pay all subsequent costs and responsibilities.

5. Transfer of risks

Once the items are delivered to the destination country, the risk is shifted from the seller to the buyer.

5. Transfer of risks

From the time the products are delivered alongside the ship, the customer is responsible for any loss or damage to them. If the vessel is late or fails to arrive, the buyer is responsible for any additional costs.

6. Costs

The seller must pay for:

  • Costs of delivery to the destination country
  • Costs of loading, labour, and transportation to the final destination country
  • Up to the destination country's insurance (optional)
  • Duties and levies on exports

6. Costs

  • They buyer must pay for:
  • Import tariffs and taxes
  • Customs formalities in their home country
  • Unloading fees
  • Delivery fees to their own facilities

7. Notice to the buyer

7. Proof and Notice

The buyer must accept the seller's delivery paperwork and schedule a time to receive them.

Explanation of Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)

DDU shipping is not the only option; DDP shipping, which stands for Delivery Duty Paid, is another option.

The DDP is a part of the International Chamber of Commerce's development of international business terms (ICC). DDP (Deliveries Duty Paid) standardizes international shipping transactions by requiring the seller to bear the whole cost of export and import tariffs, insurance, taxes, and other shipping-related fees until the buyer receives or transfers the goods at the destination port. Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) basically indicates that the seller is responsible for all import fees before the shipment crosses borders.

It's essential for both buyers and sellers to understand the distinctions between Delivered Duty Paid (DDP) and Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) Incoterms in order to choose the most cost-effective shipping service for their needs. Between DDP shipping and DDU shipping services, there are a few important distinctions. Organizations can select a shipping service that best suits their needs.

Ship your package using ForwardVia

In this article, we have explained about what is Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU Shipping) and how its work and what are its obligation on seller and buyer so that you can make right decision before ordering your shipment. The focus should be on getting the shipment in most cost-effective way from international seller.

ForwardVia offers international shipping from the UK to worldwide destinations. We provide you, as the Buyer to sign free to get our UK address to shop at any UK online stores, and we ship to your doorstep. To see how it works, go to our website here.


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